India has been quietly emerging as climate performer cutting down on its emissions. India’s emissions will rise only by 2 percent to 2.5 giga tonnes compared to 6.7percent in 2016, according to the 2017 Global Carbon Budget report, published in Nature Climate Change, Environmental Research Letters, and Earth System Science Data Discussions on Monday.
Aggressive and proactive interventions by government and the rapid progress made by India in installation of solar energy capacity contributed to the reduction in carbon dioxide emissions by India. But the economic slowdown, and policies like demonetization and introduction of GST too have a role to play.
The report, however, this massive drop in the amount of carbon dioxide emissions produced is also a reflection of reduced exports, declining share of industrial and agricultural production in The gross domestic product (GDP) is one of the primary indicators used to gauge the health of a country's economy. It represents the total dollar value of all goods and services produced over a specific time period; you can think of it as the size of the economy... More, reduced consumer demand, and a sudden fall in money circulation attributable to demonetization late in 2016, and a goods and services tax introduced in 2017.
If Indian economy bounces back soon, as the government expects it to, then emission growth in 2018 is expected to be around 5%. Reducing the level of carbon dioxide produced by the economy will require additional interventions.
The 2017 Global Carbon Budget report states that global emissions of carbon dioxide from fossil fuels and industrial use is likely to increase by 2 per cent compared to last year. This ends a three year period of almost zero growth that could be attributed to economic slowdown in countries like China, and a slower than expected recovery in the United States and Europe.
In 2017, global carbon dioxide emissions from all human activities (fossil fuels, industry and land-use change) will reach around 41 billion tonnes, a growth of 2 percent. Fossil fuel burning and industrial use account for nearly 80 per cent of carbon dioxide emissions by human activities. The third big contributor comes from changes in land use such as deforestation.
This year’s rise in global emissions can be attributed to a 3.5 per cent projected increase in the emissions of China, and relatively lower reductions in the United States and the European Union compared to last year. China is the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases, followed by the United States, European Union, and India.
“The return to growth in global emissions in 2017 is largely due to a return to growth in Chinese emissions, projected to grow by 3.5 per cent in 2017 after two years with declining emissions. The use of coal, the main fuel source in China, may rise by 3 per cent due to stronger growth in industrial production and lower hydro-power generation due to less rainfall,” Glen Peters, research director at CICERO in Oslo and one of the lead authors of the study, said in a statement.
“Several factors point to a continued rise in 2018,” said Robert Jackson, a co-author of the report, co-chair of GCP and a professor in Earth system science at Stanford University. “That’s a real concern. The global economy is picking up slowly. As The gross domestic product (GDP) is one of the primary indicators used to gauge the health of a country's economy. It represents the total dollar value of all goods and services produced over a specific time period; you can think of it as the size of the economy... More rises, we produce more goods, which, by design, produces more emissions.”
However, the team of scientists who worked on the report said that it is too early to say whether the rise in emissions in 2017 is a one-off event on the way to a global peak in emissions, or the beginning of a new period with up- ward pressure on global emissions growth.
In the long term, emissions are unlikely to return to the persistent high growth rates seen during the 2000s of over 3 per cent per year. It is more likely that emissions will plateau or have slight positive growth, broadly in line with national emission pledges submitted to the Paris Agreement.
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