Status of coal in India

Coal Reserves

As a result of exploration carried out up to the maximum depth of 1200m by the GSI, CMPDI, SCCL and MECL etc, a cumulative total of 301.56 Billion tonnes of Geological Resources of Coal have so far been estimated in the country as on 1.4.2014. The details of state-wise geological resources of Coal are given as under:

(Million tonnes)

State Proved Indicated Inferred Total
Total 125909 142506 33149 301564
West Bengal 13403 13022 4893 31318
Jharkhand 41377 32780 6559 80716
Bihar 0 0 160 160
Madhya Pradesh 10411 12382 2879 25673
Chhattisgarh 16052 33253 3228 52533
Uttar Pradesh 884 178 0 1062
Maharashtra 5667 3186 2110 10964
Odisha 27791 37873 9408 75073
Andhra Pradesh 9729 9670 3068 22468
Assam 465 47 3 515
Sikkim 0 58 43 101
Arunachal Pradesh 31 40 19 90
Meghalaya 89 17 471 576
Nagaland 9 0 307 315

(Source: Geological Survey of India)

CATEGORIZATION OF RESOURCES

The Coal resources of India are available in older Gondwana Formations of peninsular India and younger Tertiary formations of north-eastern region. Based on the results of Regional/ Promotional Exploration, where the boreholes are normally placed 1-2 Km apart, the resources are classified into ‘Indicated’ or ‘Inferred’ category. Subsequent Detailed Exploration in selected blocks, where boreholes are less than 400 meter apart, upgrades the resources into more reliable ‘Proved’ category. The Formation-wise and Category-wise Coal resources of India as on 1.4.2014 are given in table below:

(Million tonnes)

Formation Proved Indicated Inferred Total
Total 125909 142506 33149 301564
Gondwana Coals 125315 142407 32350 300072
Tertiary Coals 594 99 799 1493

TYPE AND CATEGORY-WISE COAL RESOURCES OF INDIA

The Type and Category-wise Coal resources of India as on 1.4.2014 are given in table below:

(Million tonnes)

Type of Coal Proved Indicated Inferred Total
Total 125909 142506 33149 301564
(A) Coking :-
-Prime Coking 4614 699 0 5313
-Medium Coking 13303 11867 1879 27049
-Semi-Coking 482 1004 222 1708
Sub-Total Coking 18400 13569 2101 34070
(B) Non-Coking :- 106916 128838 30249 266002
(C) Tertiary Coal :- 594 99 799 1493

Status of Coal Resources in India during Last 5 years

As a result of Regional, Promotional and detailed Exploration by GSI, CMPDI, SCCL, MECL, State Govts. etc., the estimation of Coal resources in India reached to 301.56 billion tones. The increase/up gradation of Coal resources in the country during last 5 years is furnished in table below:

(Million tonnes)

As on Geological Resources of Coal
Proved Indicated Inferred Total
1.4.2009 105820 123470 37920 267210
1.4.2010 109798 130654 36358 276810
1.4.2011 114002 137471 34390 285862
1.4.2012 118145 142169 33183 293497
1.4.2013 123182 142632 33101 298914
1.4.2014 125909 142506 33149 301564

Source: Ministry of Coal